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#opendatascience-1695
                    ​​SwinIR: Image Restoration Using Swin Transformer 

Image restoration is a long-standing low-level vision problem that aims to restore high-quality images from low-quality images (e.g., downscaled, noisy, and compressed images). While state-of-the-art image restoration methods are based on convolutional neural networks, few attempts have been made with Transformers, which show impressive performance on high-level vision tasks.

The authors use a model SwinIR based on the Swin Transformers. Experimental results demonstrate that SwinIR outperforms state-of-the-art methods on different tasks (image super-resolution, image denoising, and JPEG compression artifact reduction) by up to 0.14~0.45dB, while the total number of parameters can be reduced by up to 67%.

Paper: https://arxiv.org/abs/2108.10257
Code: https://github.com/JingyunLiang/SwinIR

A detailed unofficial overview of the paper: https://andlukyane.com/blog/paper-review-swinir

#deeplearning #cv #transformer #superresolution #imagerestoration
                
#opendatascience-1694
                    ​​Counting Happiness and Where it Comes From

Researches asked 10 000 Mechanical Turk participants to name 10 things which are making them happy, resulting in creation of HappyDB.

And since that DB is open, Nathan Yau analyzed and vizualized this database in the perspective of subjects and actions, producing intersting visualization.

Hope that daily reading @opendatascience makes you at least content, if not happy.

Happines reason visualization link: https://flowingdata.com/2021/07/29/counting-happiness
HappyDB link: https://megagon.ai/projects/happydb-a-happiness-database-of-100000-happy-moments/

#dataset #emotions #visualization
                
#opendatascience-1692
                    New attempt at proving P≠NP 

Martin Dowd published a 5-page paper claiming to contain a proof that P ≠ NP. This is a fundamental question, comparing quickly checkable against quickly solvalble problems.

Basically, proving P != NP would mean that there will be unlimited demand alphago-like solutions in different spheres, because that will mean (as a scientific fact) that there are problems not having fast [enough] analytical solutions.

ResearchGate: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/354423778_P_Does_Not_Equal_NP 
Wiki on the problem: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/P_versus_NP_problem

#fundamental #pnenp #computerscience
                
#opendatascience-1691
                    ​​iRobot with poop detection

iRobot (company building cleaning house robots) had a problem with robots regarding pet poops. So they built a special model along with physical models of poop to test the product.

iRobot official YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2rj3VUmRNnU
TechCrunch: https://techcrunch.com/2021/09/09/actuator-4/

#aiproduct #marketinggurus
                
#opendatascience-1690
                    New German V4 Model and English V5 Models

New and improved models in Silero-models! Community edition versions available here: https://github.com/snakers4/silero-models

Huge performance improvements for two new models:

- English V5 (quality)
- German V3 (quality)

The models currently are available in the following flavors:

- English V5 jit (small), onnx (small), jit_q (small, quantized), jit_xlarge, onnx_xlarge
- German V3 jit_large, onnx_large

The xsmall model family for English in on the way.

The quality growth visualization:
                
#opendatascience-1689
                    ​​⚡️Breeaking news!

Big project, first public release! From the creator of FastAPI and Typer: SQLModel.

SQLModel is a library for interacting with SQL databases from Python code, with Python objects. It is designed to be intuitive, easy to use, highly compatible, and robust.

SQLModel is based on Python type annotations, and powered by Pydantic and SQLAlchemy.
SQLModel is, in fact, a thin layer on top of Pydantic and SQLAlchemy, carefully designed to be compatible with both.

The key features are:
- Intuitive to write: Great editor support. Completion everywhere. Less time debugging. Designed to be easy to use and learn. Less time reading docs.
 - Easy to use: It has sensible defaults and does a lot of work underneath to simplify the code you write.
- Compatible: It is designed to be compatible with FastAPI, Pydantic, and SQLAlchemy.
- Extensible: You have all the power of SQLAlchemy and Pydantic underneath.
- Short: Minimize code duplication. A single type annotation does a lot of work. No need to duplicate models in SQLAlchemy and Pydantic.

https://github.com/tiangolo/sqlmodel
                
#opendatascience-1688
                    Structure-aware Interactive Graph Neural Networks for the Prediction of Protein-Ligand Binding Affinityv

#Baidu research proposed a structure-aware interactive graph neural network ( #SIGN ) to better learn representations of protein-ligand complexes, since drug discovery relies on the successful prediction of protein-ligand binding affinity.

Link: https://dl.acm.org/doi/10.1145/3447548.3467311

#biolearning #deeplearning
                
#opendatascience-1687
                    ​​Program Synthesis with Large Language Models

Paper compares models used for program synthesis in general purpose programming languages against two new benchmarks, MBPP (The Mostly Basic Programming Problems) and MathQA-Python, in both the few-shot and fine-tuning regimes.

MBPP contains 974 programming tasks, designed to be solvable by entry-level programmers. MathQA benchmark, contains 23914 problems that evaluate the ability of the models to synthesize code from more complex text.

Largest fine-tuned model achieves 83.8 percent accuracy on the latter benchmark.

Why this is interesting: better models for code / problem understanding means improved search for the coding tasks and the improvement of the coding-assistant projects like #TabNine or #Copilot 

ArXiV: https://arxiv.org/abs/2108.07732

#DL #NLU #codewritingcode #benchmark
                
#opendatascience-1686
                    14 seconds of April #Nvidia 's CEO speech was generated in silico

Why this important: demand for usage of 3080 and newer GPU models might also get pumped by CGI artists and researchers working in VR / AR tech.

And this raises the bar for #speechsinthesis / #speechgeneration and definately for the rendering of photorealistic picture.

YouTube making of video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1qhqZ9ECm70&t=1430s
Vice article on the subject: https://www.vice.com/en/article/88nbpa/nvidia-reveals-its-ceo-was-computer-generated-in-keynote-speech
                
#opendatascience-1685
                    ​​Domain-Aware Universal Style Transfer 

Style transfer aims to reproduce content images with the styles from reference images. Modern style transfer methods can successfully apply arbitrary styles to images in either an artistic or a photo-realistic way. However, due to their structural limitations, they can do it only within a specific domain: the degrees of content preservation and stylization depends on a predefined target domain. As a result, both photo-realistic and artistic models have difficulty in performing the desired style transfer for the other domain.

The authors propose Domain-aware Style Transfer Networks (DSTN) that transfer not only the style but also the property of domain (i.e., domainness) from a given reference image. Furthermore, they design a novel domainess indicator (based on the texture and structural features) and introduce a unified framework with domain-aware skip connection to adaptively transfer the stroke and palette to the input contents guided by the domainness indicator.

Extensive experiments validate that their model produces better qualitative results and outperforms previous methods in terms of proxy metrics on both artistic and photo-realistic stylizations.

Paper: https://arxiv.org/abs/2108.04441

Code: https://github.com/Kibeom-Hong/Domain-Aware-Style-Transfer

A detailed unofficial overview of the paper: https://andlukyane.com/blog/paper-review-dstn

#deeplearning #cv #styletransfer
                
#opendatascience-1684
                    ​​Virtual fitting room launched by our friends

#in3D launched a 3D virtual fitting room with Replicant Fashion house. 30+ designers, 60+ looks.

Great example of the AI-driven product!

Desktop: https://www.replicant.fashion/digitaltwin
iPhone: https://apps.apple.com/us/app/in3d-3d-body-scanning/id1467153183

#aiproduct #fitting #metaverse
                
#opendatascience-1682
                    Tokyo Olympics Alternative medals table

Article on how teams performed with the respect to behavior expected by regression model.

Link: https://ig.ft.com/tokyo-olympics-alternative-medal-table/
                
#opendatascience-1681
                    🎓Online Berkeley Deep Learning Lectures 2021

University of Berkeley released its fresh course lectures online for everyone to watch. Welcome Berkeley CS182/282 Deep Learnings - 2021!

YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLuv1FSpHurUevSXe_k0S7Onh6ruL-_NNh

#MOOC #wheretostart #Berkeley #dl
                
#opendatascience-1680
                    🗣 Pretrained Language Model

AutoTinyBERT: Automatic Hyper-parameter Optimization for Efficient Pre-trained Language Models

Github: https://github.com/huawei-noah/Pretrained-Language-Model

Paper: https://arxiv.org/abs/2107.13686v1

AutoTinyBERT: https://github.com/huawei-noah/Pretrained-Language-Model/tree/master/AutoTinyBERT

@ai_machinelearning_big_data
                
#opendatascience-1679
                    ​​Tonight at 9 p.m. Moscow Time, Russia’s Krasnaya Polyana resort will host the AI & Chess meetup, bringing together data scientists and professional chess players 

Location: Galaxy Mall in Krasnaya Polyana, Sochi + livestream

Program:
9-9:05 p.m.
Introductory speech.

9:05-9:25 p.m. (Rus)
Mark Glukhovsky, Executive Director of the Russian Chess Federation: “Chess and Computer Technology: What AI Is and How It Is Changing the Chess World.”

9:25-9:40 p.m. (Rus)
Conversation with Sergei Shipov, a Russian professional chess player, grandmaster, chess coach and commentator: “The Role of the Computer in Professional Chess Player Training.”

9:40-9:55 p.m. (Rus)
Aleksandr Shimanov, a Russian professional chess player, grandmaster and commentator, reviews the most incredible game from the AlphaZero vs. Stockfish match, which pitted the most powerful chess engines against each other.

9:55-10:25 p.m. (Eng)
Ulrich Paquet and Nenad Tomašev, DeepMind researchers and authors of papers on AlphaZero in collaboration with Vladimir Kramnik: “Inner Workings of Chess Algorithms Based on AI and Neural Networks: AlphaZero and Beyond.”

10:25-10:45 p.m. (Eng)
Discussion:
— Effects of technology, AI engines and applications on a chess player’s training, style and mindset.
— Challenges that arise in the use of chess engines.
— Impact of chess on life and vice versa, and how the situation has evolved with the advances in chess technology.
— Future prospects of the chess-AI symbiosis in education, entertainment and self-development.

Discussion participants:
Ulrich Paquet and Nenad Tomašev, researchers, DeepMind;
Sergey Rykovanov (professor) and Yuri Shkandybin (systems architect), Skoltech’s supercomputing group;
Aleksandr Shimanov, Russian chess player, grandmaster.

Links:
Sign up: http://surl.li/abbvc
Livestream: https://youtu.be/BDWELYal47c
                
#opendatascience-1678
                    ​​Baidu announced opening 10k sq m park with 200 operating autonomous vehicles in China.

Source: https://twitter.com/Baidu_Inc/status/1420776376861405185

#Baidu #selfdriving
                
#opendatascience-1676
                    New TTS Models for Minority Languages of the CIS / Russia

In collaboration with the community, we created totally unique models for the languages of the peoples of Russia / the CIS:

- Bashkir (aigul_v2)
- Kalmyk (erdni_v2)
- Tatar (dilyara_v2)
- Uzbek (dilnavoz_v2)

We also tried to create the Ukrainian voice, but the data we had (sourced from audiobooks) was not very good (all other voices were created from recordings).

Some models sound almost perfect, some a bit worse. Typically this boils down to how speakers can provide steady consistent recordings. 

We used anywhere from 1 hour to 6 hours of recordings to create each voice. 

These models obviously do not include automated stress and have the same major caveats as other v2 models (i.e. best used with batch size 1 on 2-4 CPU threads).

Link

- https://github.com/snakers4/silero-models#text-to-speech
                
#opendatascience-1675
                    ​​Orbit — An Open Source Package for Time Series Inference and Forecasting

Object-ORiented BayesIan Time Series is a new project for #timeseries forecasting by #Uber team. Has #scikit-learn compatible interface and claimed to have results comparable to #prophet .

Post: https://eng.uber.com/orbit/
Docs: https://uber.github.io/orbit/about.html
GitHub: https://github.com/uber/orbit/
                
#opendatascience-1673
                    Researchers from NVIDIA (in particular Tero Karras) have once again "solved" image generation.

 This time, the scientists were able to remove aliasing in the generator. In a nutshell, then the reason for the artifacts was careless signal processing in the CNN resulting in incorrect discretization. The signal could not be accurately reconstructed, which led to unnatural "jerks" noticeable in the video. The authors have modified the generator to prevent these negative sampling effects. 

The resulting networks match the FID of StyleGAN2 but differ dramatically in their internal representations, and they are fully equivariant to translation and rotation even at subpixel scales.

The code is not available yet, but I'm sure NVIDIA will release it soon.

Read more about Alias-Free GAN here.